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Science at Holy Cross Catholic Primary School

Science Curriculum Overview

Primary Science Quality Mark-Gold Award

Principles of Science at Holy Cross Catholic Primary School

At Holy Cross Catholic Primary School we believe that children have a natural curiosity about their world and the enthusiasm to want to make sense of it. We aim to provide our children with the opportunity to build their Science Capital by having first-hand experiences so that they come face to face with phenomena and learn directly about the ways things are, and why they behave as they do. Following on from this, children use secondary sources (books, videos, and visits) to reinforce and broaden their knowledge.



Our children are involved in a wide range of activities that are practical, relevant, co-operative and stimulating. We aim to give children an understanding of the scientific concepts – not just facts, and an understanding of scientific processes. This includes the development of a range of skills which include asking questions, discussing, predicting, planning an investigation, fair testing, methods of recording, how to interpret findings and evaluating them. In addition we aim to foster social awareness and responsibility, self-reliance, independent and reflective thinking.

The aims of Science are:


·To encourage and develop children’s curiosity and fascination with their world.


·To develop a balance of scientific skills using an investigative, illustrative and focused task approach.


·To develop the attitudes of curiosity, open-mindedness, perseverance, tolerance, co-operation, responsibility, critical awareness and originality.


·To encourage awareness of science and scientific advances outside the classroom.


·To provide science education which will be challenging to all pupils and ensure equality of opportunities.


- To encourage and develop the children's ability to ask and answer their own questions.


- To develop their growth mindset and resilience, enabling pupils to embrace any mistakes.


·To support and develop children’s language development and enable pupils to become effective communicators.




The New Science Curriculum 2014


From September 2014, all schools have been implementing the new National Curriculum and this includes a new programme of study for Science in Key Stage One and Two. At Holy Cross, we use the Kent Trust Scheme of work for Science which has been revised and updated to follow the new Science Curriculum.


Children in the Foundation Stage follow the 'Knowledge and Understanding of the World' objectives set out in the Early Years Framework, which underpin Science curriculum planning for children aged three to five.


Skills and Attitudes


Children should ask questions, try to discover solutions, listen to views of others and be prepared to accept new ideas. They should also be able to evaluate their own work and work of peers and consider ways of improving it.


Children are given the opportunity to carry out work in groups as well as independently. They are encouraged to discuss their ideas with peers.

Teaching Methods

Science is based around scientific enquiry. Therefore, teaching methods maximize the potential for investigative work.


It is a teacher’s responsibility to select the most effective approach for a lesson. There must be a balance between teacher demonstration, guided practical tasks and investigations; both ability and mixed ability groups and use of first and second-hand sources.


Effective science aims to achieve excellence for each individual regardless of gender, race and age.


Activities should be tailored to pupils’ needs, allowing them to achieve their full potential.


Scientific knowledge needs a global perspective and opportunities to consider how science has helped to solve problems in a wide range of contexts.




In these lessons the children discovered how levers, gears and pulleys allow you to lift a heavy object using a less amount of force.

Exploring Pitch

Year 4 explored pitch using boomwackers

Data Loggers

Year 4 explored data loggers recording levels of sound in decibels
Year 4 created their own digestive system.

Silly Spinners

We started looking at Materials by using ‘Silly Spinners’. We had to decide if the object and material were suited to each other. One of our favourites was a water desk.

Water resistant- boat race

Children made streamlined boats and had a race to find out who made the best streamline boat focusing on water resistance. 

Sound Posters in Science

The children in Year 4 created posters about 'The Science of Sound' for our Science display. The poster contained information we have learnt about Sound so far.

Pulleys- Year 5

Children completed a carousel of a different activities to discover and gain an understanding about how Pulleys work and how they are helpful for may different reasons.

Animals including humans - how we get food and why we need it.

To begin our science topic we were given picture cards to sort into groups. We could sort these cards in many different ways. After exploring these options, we agreed that they were best sorted into living and non living things. We then though about what living things have in common - we all need food! We then sorted cards that told us why we needed food by placing which one we felt the most important at the top. After reflecting, we realised these were all important! We then completed work in our books.

Food Chains- Year 4

Labelling the human body

How do sugary drinks effect teeth enamel?

Year 4 created an investigation to test the effect of sugary drinks on tooth enamel using eggs.

Measuring Shadows- Year 5

The children went out several times throughout the day to measure the length of their shadows and to compare their results.

Electricity - Testing conductors and insulators

Year 4 tested a range of different materials to find out if they were conductors or insulators of electricity.

Mini-beast Hunt

This week we went on a minibeast hunt around school to find some micro-habitats. A micro-habitat is a small habitat that is suitable for a living thing.

How roots grow: observing a bean grow over time.

Today, we have learnt the different stages of root growth. We played a matching game to help us remember each step and what happens. We then wrote about this in our books. Afterwards, we drew a table in our books. We will be using this to observe the growth of the bean roots over time!

How water is transported in plants

Today Year 3 have learnt about how the stem helps the plant by transporting water. This action is called the capillary action. We learnt how this helps the leaves make food, a process which is called photosynthesis. Next, we considered how we might show the capillary action in an experiment. We planned this and carried it out. We made observations and conclusions.
We searched for fossils and identified what plants or animals they were formed from. After that we explored the job of an archaeologist and excavated chocolate chips from cookies. It was important to choose the correct tools and to be very careful.

On which surface will the car travel the furthest?

Year 2 used ramps to explore what happens when: we push a car, change the height of the ramp and change the surface of the ramp.

Creating our own Musical Instruments

The children used junk materials to create their own musical instruments

String Telephones

Taxonomists in the making!

The pupils were busy classifying animals and insects in our science lesson, asking key questions about the features to help group them effectively.
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